Symptoms may include fever, swollen lymph glands in the neck, armpits, and groin, constant fatigue, sore throat, enlarged spleen, and jaundice, a yellow discoloration of the skin. Infectious mononucleosis (mono) is a contagious illness typically caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (). Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! Mono is sometimes called “the kissing disease” because it spreads easily through bodily fluids like saliva. Mononucleosis (or mono) causes symptoms similar to those of a severe cold or flu. Mononucleosis caused by Epstein-Barr virus and cytomegalovirus in children: a comparative study of 124 cases. Mononucleosis (mono) is an infection caused by a virus. For this reason, it’s sometimes called “kissing disease.” It’s most common in teens and young adults. It’s spread through saliva. EBV can cause infectious mononucleosis, also called mono, and other illnesses. Mono is an infection caused by a virus. Infectious mononucleosis mostly affects teenagers and young adults. T cells that react against these antigens then attack the B cells, and a temporary deficiency in the production of new antibodies lasts until the overt viral infection has been…, …major cause of acute infectious mononucleosis, a common syndrome characterized by fever, sore throat, extreme fatigue, and swollen lymph glands.…. Cases often happen in teens and young adults. Mise en garde médicale modifier - modifier le code - voir Wikidata (aide) La mononucléose infectieuse (MNi) correspond à la primo-infection symptomatique , généralement bénigne, provoquée par le virus d'Epstein-Barr (EBV), qui appartient à la même famille que les virus de l’ herpès et de la varicelle . With mono, you might feel sick for about a month. Mononucleosis definition is - an abnormal increase of mononuclear white blood cells in the blood; specifically : infectious mononucleosis. Sore throat, perhaps misdiagnosed as strep throat, that doesn't get better after treatment with antibiotics 3. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Infectious mononucleosis (often called "mono") is a common viral infection that causes:. However, you can get it at any age. In addition, involvement of the liver, as shown by chemical tests, is almost universally present, although severe disease of the liver with jaundice is rare. It’s often spread through contact with infected saliva from the mouth. Mononucleosis (mono) is a viral infection that causes a sore throat and fever. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. Epstein-Barr Virus and Infectious Mononucleosis. Mono occurs most often in teens and young adults. Mononucleosis, infection in humans, caused by the Epstein-Barr virus, whose most common symptoms are fever, general malaise, and sore throat. 1983 Mar;98(3):415. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-98-3-415_1. Updates? The Epstein–Barr virus (EBV), formally called Human gammaherpesvirus 4, is one of the nine known human herpesvirus types in the herpes family, and is one of the most common viruses in humans.. It usually goes away on its own in a few weeks with the help of plenty of fluids and rest. Mononucleosis is most often caused by the Epstein-Barr virus. For young people, having mononucleosis will mean some missed activities — classes, team practices and parties. Other viruses can also cause mononucleosis. Infectious mononucleosis definition is - an acute infectious disease associated with Epstein-Barr virus that is characterized especially by fever, sore throat, swelling of lymph nodes, fatigue, and lymphocytosis and occurs primarily in adolescents and young adults —abbreviation IM—called also kissing disease, mono. Mono Symptoms - What is Mononucleosis? Infectious mononucleosis (IM, mono), also known as glandular fever, is an infection usually caused by the Epstein–Barr virus (EBV). These viruses spread through: The Epstein-Barr virus stays in your body in an inactive form even after mono symptoms go away. Transmise … Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Mononucléose infectieuse . When can you spread or contract mono? Mononucleosis is not considered a serious illness, but its symptoms may be severe enough to prevent a person from engaging in normal activities for several weeks. ; Mononucleosis is most commonly caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), and it is most frequently diagnosed in teenagers and young adults. Glandular fever is a type of viral infection that mostly affects young adults. Author W Horowitz. Infectious mononucleosis, or "mono", is an infection usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus. People with mono experience extreme fatigue, fever and body aches. Of infants, children and adolescents eight weeks [ what is mononucleosis ] excess of monocytes in the blood. 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