When the downpour is too heavy, the soil cannot absorb the entire water and it often results in soil erosion which in turn has dreadful consequences. Floods are the Result of an Accumulation of Large Volumes of Water. As trees help in holding the soil, when they are cut off the top soil becomes loose and gets easily washed away when there are rains. Some floods can subside in a few days while others take weeks to subside and have a major impact on the lives of the people living in that area. Several towns and cities around the world have suffered from severe floods that have cost lives of people and animals, resulted in loss of property and other valuable assets and destruction of soil and plants. Floods are not just a threat to the human beings and animals but also destroy the flora. With global warming and the consequent climate change, unseasonal rains and floods are being witnessed at different places. Here is a closer look at the various causes of flood: Flood like situation arises each time the downpour is more than the drainage system can absorb. Such a flood occurs when there is incessant and heavy rainfall. In coastal areas hurricanes and tsunamis cause flood. This may also result in flood. These can be helpful as fishermen as also inhabited areas in coastal regions can be forewarned of impending floods. Land may itself also get flooded if there are heavy and continuous rains. Floods are a Disaster and Need to Be Managed. It is essential to build good drainage systems to avoid water logging that results in flood. //-->. At times, excessive water is deliberately released from the dam so as to stop it from breaking. //-->. Global warming that is causing a rise in the temperature in the atmosphere is also a cause of the melting of glaciers and ice caps that is again a cause of flood in many regions. Sometimes there may not be any human casualties, but there may be a lot of loss of property if the huts are washed away in a flood. Ltd. | 2017 All Rights Reserved. The mountains covered with snow during the winter season begin to melt as the temperature rises. Many countries, such as Singapore that receive heavy rainfall for most part of the year, have really good drainage system. Regions hit by severe floods take months and at times even years to rebuild. Water accumulated at places for days result in the breeding of mosquitoes and other insects that are the cause of various diseases such as malaria and dengue. Students can select any Flood paragraph according to their particular requirement. When flood waters enter into homes it makes them unliveable. These storms are a cause of uprooting of trees. When there are heavy or continuing rains water bodies get more water than they can hold. This can help in saving human lives. Floods are caused due to many factors. It is time the government of India must take this issue seriously and come up with strong measures to control this problem. Floods also occur in modern cities and towns where there is a high density of human population, and increased urban development by way of housing and other construction. In such areas trees are also felled for construction activity. A city’s drains get choked when there is a heavy rain. At times, heavy rainfall occurring for a short period of time can cause flood while on other occasions light rainfall that goes on for days may result in flood like situation. But man-made factors are also responsible for the incidence of floods. Floods are caused in water bodies and also on land. The cities’ drains get clogged by the huge amounts of domestic garbage that also includes plastic waste. Floods can cause major destruction just as other natural calamities. This causes an overflowing of the water beyond the banks of the water body. Weather Forecasting May Be Used To Predict a Flood. Climate change is a detrimental result of deforestation, which allows temperatures to increase on the surface of the earth. Excessive felling of trees and indiscriminate deforestation has resulted in environmental degradation and ecological disequilibrium. In coastal areas where there are mangrove forests, the clearing of these forests causes the natural protection mechanism against floods to breakdown. However, people are mostly warned about these and have a chance to escape before the situation becomes worse. A flood refers to the excessive accumulation of water in a water body or on land that is otherwise dry. Floods are known to have caused mass destruction in these areas in the past. When there are torrential and continuous rains for some days the drains get totally choked leading to floods in the cities. While certain areas experience extreme floods others experience drought. The major areas affected by this natural calamity in the country are most of the Gangetic plains including North Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal, Mumbai, Maharashtra, parts of Punjab and Haryana, coastal Andhra Pradesh and Orissa, the Brahmaputra valley and South Gujarat. The cities’ drains get choked when there are prolonged heavy rains, and the result is that the rain water accumulates without getting drained off. Weather forecasting also helps in warning tourists not to go to the sea or rivers if a flood is expected. You can also find more Essay Writing articles on events, persons, sports, technology and many more. It is said that the average sea temperature has increased a great deal due to global warming and this has resulted in the increased rate and sternness of tropical storms in the Caribbean. How to Control the Problem Caused Due to Floods? google_ad_client = "ca-pub-6070398767421094"; Floods cause loss to life and property. Cases of dysentery, pneumonic plague and military fever are also on rise during this time. This is because soil binds the soil, and the cutting of trees results in the top soil getting washed away in rains. Floods are caused in water bodies as also on land. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});